Conscious In A Vegetative State? A Critique Of The Pvs Concept
A Critique Of The Pvs Concept
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The 'persistent Vegetative State' (pvs) Has Established Itself As An Apparently Discrete Medical Condition. This Book Traces The Origins Of Perceptions About Pvs And Submits These To Critical Examination. It Comes To The Conclusion That Inadequate Attention Has Been Paid To Acknowledging What Is Not Known About Affected Individuals.
|Titel:||Conscious In A Vegetative State? A Critique Of The Pvs Concept|
|Uitgever:||Springer-verlag New York Inc.|
|Plaats van publicatie:||04|
|Collectie:||International Library of Ethics, Law and the New Medicine Vol.23|
|Afmetingen:||235 x 155|
Having been originally introduced as a term to facilitate discussion of a specific group of patients regarded as entering a state of unawareness following coma, the Persistent Vegetative State (PVS) has established itself as an apparently discrete medical condition with clear-cut implications for ethicists and lawyers that exceed any scientifically based understanding. As a consequence of this upgrading, conclusions drawn about the status and hence the management of this uncommon condition have been increasingly extended to other patients with much more common forms of disability.This book traces the origins of prevailing perceptions about PVS and submits these to critical examination. In doing this it comes to the conclusion that inadequate attention has been paid to acknowledging what is not known about affected individuals and that assumptions have consistently come to be traded as facts. Re-examination of the basis of the PVS and the adoption of a more scientific approach is long overdue and is owed to the community at large which has generally been provided by many medical practitioners with a dumbed-down account of the condition.The book will be of interest to philosophers, medical graduates and neuroscientists but is also intended to remain accessible to the general reader with an interest in the wider implications of trends in medical thinking for attitudes towards many classes of patient. It has an extensive bibliography and will be of specific interest to bioethicists and lawyers with professional interests in PVS.
Contents.§- Acknowledgements.§- Introduction.§§1: History and Context of the Persistent Vegetative State.- §§2: The Pathological Basis of Vegetative States.- §§3: Authoritative Statements.- §§4: Consciousness.- §§5: Sentience.- §§6: Electrophysiological and Imaging Studies of Patients in Vegetative States.- §§7: An Analogy between Anaesthesia and the Persistent Vegetative State.- §§8: Diagnosis and Misdiagnosis of Vegetative States.- §§9: Emergence from a Vegetative State.- §§10: A Perspective of Disability.- §§11: Positive Management or an Exercise inFutility?.- §§12: Thirst.- §§13: Withdrawal of Hydration and Nutrition from Patients in Vegetative States.- §§14: Some Economic Considerations.- §§5: Vegetative States in Court.- §§16: Continuing Unresponsiveness in the Future.- References.- Index.
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